More injuries, no Gracie JiuJitsu

After a long lay off due to back injury I find myself in a situation where the annual academy gathering is upon us. This normally means people going for their belt graduations and also a lot of training with extra things being taught to us by special guest instructors.
All in all, it was a throughly enjoyable weekend and involved me doing 4 days straight of Jiu-Jitsu which isn’t a common thing for me to do, but I survived!
Over that period i was taught the following:
Guest instructor’s version of the omoplata
Guest instructor’s version of the following:
Rolling toe hold
Calf splitter
Knee bar
Breaking here slightly, it was good to work with the lower half of the body as a lot of attention tends to go into the top half, plus understanding how these footlocks work just aids the general knowledge about how someone may attempt to attack those areas.
Also taught over the weekend were some self-defence positions from being caught in a Muay thai clinch, there were 3 variations, first one being one that puts you into the clinch, second puts you behind the opponent and the last one involves sweeping them on to their back.
After practicing those, we then were taught some delicious gi chokes, in total roughly 5 variations, first one using your own gi, second variation uses their own gi. Variations 3 and 4 are linked to adjustments made by the opponent to negate the gi choke, but essentially you either end up underneath them performing the choke or you end up on your belly performing the choke. That last variation starts of being a gi choke, with their gi, attack but ends up being a modified Ezekiel choke!
It was a very technical weekend and some of the positions I saw again relied heavily on proper execution of the basics. As always taught, these are just a bunch of moves if you don’t have the appropriate mindset that belongs with it.
On that note i need to do some stretching!
Tapping out!

Sore shoulders and a sore neck

Moving on steadily into this week’s lessons on the application of the Kimora arm-lock, Professor had designs on teaching us this move when you have your assailant within your guard and the options that are available to you.
We started of with a recap of the positions we learnt from the previous lesson and drilled those to reacquaint ourselves.
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Professor then explained the execution of the arm-lock when in the guard, again it does depend on what your assailant is doing in reaction to the position you have them in. Ideally, it’s best to apply the Kimura when the assailant has their hands on the floor. This gives the opportunity to place your hand on their wrist. The timing for doing this is when the assailant tries to sit up, at this point you allow them to pick you up as well.
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Once you’re in a seated position, reach over the shoulder and thread your arm between their body and arm to grab your own wrist.
Then it’s a shoulder and hip movement exercise to bring the assailant back to the floor with your legs crossed.
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At this point it’s a question of applying pressure until they submit or get their arm broken!
We practiced this a few times and took time out to understand any troubles we were having, my personal gripe was that I had the arm too far away from my own body, which made the execution a little loose. But after a few adjustments it improved.
Moving on, Professor put in a scenario if the person you’re trying to arm-lock is resisting, what are the options? again questions went out and as usual Professor put us out of our misery.
He explained that we can still wrap the intended arm with the one that is used to go through their arm and grab our own wrist. But instead of grabbing our own wrist it hooks on the back of the assailant’s arm. We then move the hand that was on their wrist and use it to support ourselves. Once stable, we can then do a hip bump forwards and roll them round so that they are on the ground and we obtain a cross body position over them whilst still having the arm partially locked up.
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We practiced this a few times inclusive of moving round the assailant’s head to execute the Kimura finish.
Professor then went on to show us a potential early escape for the arm-lock from this position, he explained by just moving our head forwards, we can make it difficult for them to move their arm around to get the initial grip on the Kimura.
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However, Professor also explained that there’s a potentially nasty counter that can be applied instead, which he named the ‘loop choke’.
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We practiced the escape and counter a few times. I struggled initially with the choke but then, with help from the Professor and other students on the evening, i was making fundamental mistakes, which I have now corrected.
This brought the lesson to a close.
My thoughts, some very nice details handed over this evening, which allows another attack to watch out for if I’m in someone’s guard or another attack to attempt if they’re in my guard. Only downside is that now people know another choke, which isn’t my strong point whilst defending.
“Tapping out”

Lock, stock and a smoking baton!

Due to heavy work commitments i neglected to write up Wednesday’s account of the lesson at the academy, so I’ll be summarising two nights in one.

Just as normal, we were addressed by the professor on the tone for the week with reference to self defence of batons and also if you ever get caught and end up in a headlock. We had some background philosophy on the regularity of headlocks in street fights and different ways people can try and put these on you.

With the warm-ups on Wednesday, we did running, side-stepping, running backwards and hip escapes. We finished off with a drill to simply try and escape someone’s guard and enter into cross body position or full mount. Tonight we did simple rolling to gently warm up the body.

We then went in and revised the moves from Monday’s lesson and on Wednesday; we had expanded on certain moves when defending over head attacks with the baton. This ultimately lead to the a throw over your head so that the attacker with the baton ends up landing on their head. This is performed if the person with the baton ends up behind you.

Moving on from that position tonight we also looked at another similar throw, which had a different element to it but achieved the same thing. When performing the throw, your hips need to be lower than your opponents. With the added details tonight this throw was performed more by aligning your backside with their thigh and simply walking backwards, whilst bending over to achieve the throw.

After drilling a few times, we then progressed to doing headlocks counters. We again revised Monday’s lesson and the added details taken from Wednesday lesson, which consisted of performing a frame on the person still trying to keep a tight headlock on you. The purpose of the frame is to eventually persuade them, via pain and discomfort, to let go of your head so you can perform an arm-lock. This was drilled with differing levels of success. The professor also showed us an alternative counter if we couldn’t frame. This consisted of going to your knees and putting them on their back.

We drilled this for a reasonable length of time before moving on.

All the extra details added into tonight’s lesson consisted of additional arm-locks, some arm-lock escape counters and a very sneaky triangle setup. One of the arm-lock escape counters involved a method of breaking the ‘gable grip’ which is common for arm-lock defending. The method involved doing an americana type lock on the ‘gable gripped’ arm.

After going through the other details, my mind was literally spinning at the level of detail being shown. The lesson concluded with a final address from the professor to make sure we respect the person we’re sparring with.

My thoughts, the lessons this week have been up to the expected standard and the knowledge transfer is truly amazing. Baton defence will beautifully complement the knife lessons. The only downside probably to the week is that, for me, a lot of the extra details on the mat, will require a lot of adjustment for me to make sure i can be effective. All work in progress…

“Tapping out X2”

 

From knives to bats…

Defending yourself couldn’t be more important… the start of a new week a focus change, away from ambushes with a knife to ambushes with baton’s in addition head lock defences which were briefly touched upon last week.
Professor discussed the philosophy of the use of baton’s in skirmishes in the streets and nicely lead on to the use of headlocks. Such a common attack especially when you get close. So the evening was looking at basic positions with respect to dealing with these two potentially lethal assaults.
We started with a warm-up which consisted of running, side-stepping, backward running and hip escapes. Then we did a set of drills, first one a speed ‘grab’ drill, where we had one arm on the wrist and the other on the gi, we then proceeded to pull in the grabbed person into a hip throw position and then retracted the position. The point of the drill was for speed and we were expected to do this 20 times each side.
Afterwards we did a throw, which apparently was used on Helio Gracie in his battle against Kato, (check 8mins 07 seconds into the fight) this involved stepping across the
grabbed opponent, right foot in line with their right foot, pulling their head down and bring the left to foot to raise their left foot resulting in them being thrown down.
The last warm-up drill we did was a combination of the previous two, we had one hand on the wrist the other behind the head, idea was to again step across so right foot in line with their right foot, then this time drag the right foot back to stretch their left foot, once that is done you can then use your left hand to pull their right foot at which point they go down on to the floor. From here armlocks were attempted as a finish.
With the warm-ups over, we looked at initially two baton defences, with the attacks coming from above the attackers head. The idea was to get in before the swing has started. Good posture and base was necessary and placement of the first initial move of the hand on the wrist is vital. The first variation required stopping the attacker, whilst making sure to protect our head and keeping the arm free to defend against attacks from the other arm, whether they are armed or unarmed in the other hand, then disarming the weapon hand.
The second variation facilitated not getting a full grip on the wrist and the attacker attempting to move their arm back, at this point to defend this position grabbing of the arm at 3 points was essential, the wrist, the elbow and our head tight on their shoulder with the other hand clamped underneath. From here the idea was to keep the base low and take a step, then using momentum from the top down and with the leg sweeping their leg up from behind to perform a takedown. Once they’re down, performing an armlock was the finish.
The above was drilled a few times making sure to understand balance and not to topple after the trip.
Next we looked at scenario’s involving headlocks. Stories were told and videos mentioned of how dangerous headlocks can be. One scenario explained by the professor, is if you’ve been able to distance yourself from a would be attacker and they then advance, inviting the clinch learnt last week, what is common is for them to headlock and then take you to the floor, where the future will look exceptionally bleak. The first part of the headlock counter was to ensure safety from being squeezed and hit, which involved being on your side, then stopping assaults. We practiced this one piece first before moving on the first escape.
This escape involved building a frame against the neck of the attacker then using hip escapes and outstretching the arms to change position. Once enough space was obtained and the ‘headlocker’ releases the headlock, this essentially pushes their head near you legs allowing the opportunity to attempt a leg scissors around their neck. An important detail with this is to make sure the you raise their chin up, prior to engaging the legs around the neck.
This was drilled successfully, seemingly a straight forward concept to grasp.
The last escape similar movement to the above, but if the headlocker doesn’t let go. In that situation, the idea is to use the leg facilitating the hip escape to act as a weight in a pendulum to allow the headlocked the ability to sit up, then position themselves in a modified mount position on the headlocker. From here control is key, as there are various options from this position, in terms of causing damage to them, either via other locks or strikes.
We ended the night with a summary and also how these simple positions will be the foundations of the rest of the lessons for the week.
My thoughts, this to me was very interesting since i got caught in a headlock on the mats not long ago. Also the weapon defence from a baton was interesting as it is a completely different dynamic to the knife. Again looking forward to the rest of the lessons this week.
“Tapping out!”

Practice, Practice and Practice some more!

As luck would have it, i was able to make the Friday afternoon session at the academy. Even though the professor wasn’t there one of his black belts, referred to as Coach, took the class. A stickler for details especially when it’s self defence.
Very much like the professor, coach addressed the class explaining that the format for the lesson was to go over the details already taught by the professor this week. So, of course, knife defence was on the agenda as well as the clinching and awareness.
We went straight into things with coach’s take on distance management and quickly got us doing drills geared around making sure we attempt the clinch at the right time. Details were made not to try and attempt the clinch when a punch has already been thrown
but to commit before, making sure on connection we are connected at the hip and placing head just under the chin making sure we protect ourselves from any strikes.
We also did drills when the attacker begins to reach, that we back off from them by making sure hands are up and we step away from them. Key detail was to make sure when moving backwards we move the back leg before moving the front leg. Failure to do this will leave us vulnerable to being taken down. This was drilled to good success.
Leading on nicely from this was the basic knife defence from an attacker attempting a stab to the stomach. This was achieved by using both hands to block down on the arm with the knife, making sure to move body away and stepping backwards afterwards to keep the distance. This again was drilled to good success.
Leading on from this was practice of the basic knife counter which leads to the attacker being put in a nasty arm-lock. With this detail, it was noted that we were ending up too much behind the attacker, where we needed to be more at the side. This adjustment meant we were able to do the behind the knee push and keep better control of the attacker by having a hold of their opposite shoulder, whilst pressed into the locked arm. This, for me at least, made me feel more confident with the counter. We drilled this several times noticing gradual improvements.
Lastly we finished on the knife defence when grabbed from the front on the shoulder with their arm going against the neck. Since we had replica training knives it was evident to see that with a 6” knife in my hand my reach was quite considerable! I raised this potential problem with coach who demonstrated the point of the initial defence. Then it all became extremely clear! We drilled this and slight adjustments were needed for certain people, but initially the reflex defence for such an attack is paramount to gaining success with this technique.
We came to close on that last detail and in preparation for people’s up and coming graduations, coach did a ‘circle’ and put people through their paces by making the more experienced members go through self-defence techniques on their least favoured side.
My thoughts, an excellent end to the series on clinches, knife defence and distance management, unfortunately i wasn’t able to make the evening class due to personal commitments but either way I felt privileged to be able to get extra details from another black belt to help improve the technique i’ve been learning these part few weeks.
“Tapping out!”

We should all take this seriously..

Gaining popularity, the class was very full Wednesday night, more videos seen, knife ambushes are no joke!
As I prep for the lesson, my mind wanders off to when I sat on the tube during my daily commute home from work, i looked around the carriage eyeballing people, the lady doing her make-up, kids reading comics, everyone else playing “candy crush” or listening to their smart phones, oblivious to people they are travelling with…
Professor opened up by welcoming newcomers to the academy and with the format for the evening, more on clinches and knife ambushes plus introducing an added element of head lock counters… With that said we proceeded into doing the warm-up, which consisted of running, side stepping, running backwards then into , 2 sets of hip escapes, backward rolls over the shoulders, lizard crawls forwards and backwards.
Head lock counters were explained by the professor and the different stages where this can begin, starting with posture. This then escalated to defending a punch which then lead on to locking the attackers arm behind their back.
We also looked at defence of someone grabbing the shoulder and trying to disrupt balance, this essentially worked off of the previous drill on posture again and this time the end product was wrapping up their arm and using leverage against their elbow.
Next, we reviewed Monday’s lesson going through different elements of knife ambush philosophy, how things work in the street and we recapped the different ambushes and defensive actions to take. Professor also added a dimension to the mechanics of edged weapons attacks, essentially ‘stabbing’ and ‘slashing’.
More review work was done on clinches and an additional detail in the event that when attempting to clinch someone, they manage to control your head in a Muay thai clinch. This counter involved protecting yourself from attacks from the knee and ultimately
locking up both the attackers arms and performing a takedown, which then lead on to either more strikes or an arm break. (I say ‘break’ as that would be the intended action if this happened in a street fight). We went over the details and the professor demonstrated
various takedowns and potential finishes from this position. The key detail was in the locking of the hands to maintain some control over the attacker.
Lesson came to a close with the professor outlining what’s to come at the end of the week, with knife defence still heavily on the agenda also the mindset to have whilst training/drilling these details. Another important tip from the professor, generally if involved in a clinch and there’s empty space, always strike! whether it be a kick, head butt, punch, knee all these things provoke actions. Fights in the street won’t be like the sparring sessions we are accustomed to when practising the grappling elements and the professor makes it very clear that having the correct mindset first is absolutely paramount to all the techniques being taught to us.
My personal thoughts, the repetition is needed, the philosophy is intriguing, the insight is immense.
“Tapping out”

It could save your life…

New week, same story… self – defense in particular clinches and bladed weapons…
As i reflect on last night’s lesson, i’m interrupted by a headline on Good morning Britain

“Why is it so easy for kids to buy knives?”

Professor addressed the class and explained what we would be doing this week, in terms of knife defense and generally continuing the work started last week. Discussions we had about certain videos uploaded and explanations as to how such things were possible, human reaction, etc. It was said that if you had an option to go up against a gun or knife? the option preferred was a gun? Why? i’ll divulge at the end of this blog entry.

We started the warm-up with running, side-stepping, running backwards, raised knees and raising heels up to the backside.

We then did pummel – re-pummel drills, an extra dimension was added to this, if a person gains double under-hooks ( both of their arms under your arms) then we were shown  techniques to defend/escape this position. It was also mentioned that this particular technique was used to excellent effect by Rickson Gracie.

We then went through potential ambushes with knives, (No longer will i use the term ‘knife attack’ it’s KNIFE AMBUSH!) and what to potentially look for before and do before things turn really ugly…

1) Visibility of attackers hands
2) Distance management between yourself and attacker
3) Awareness of surroundings, are they alone? Do you have limited escape options?
4) Having hands up to improve initial defense options

We then went through drills from last week as a needed refresher, adding in details with reference to which side to move to if someone tries to stab you in the stomach. Not to move in straight lines, always circle. High attacks keep you arm out stretched to also ensure protection of the neck area.

Professor added another potential defense/counter to a stab to the stomach by doing the following:

If the attacker is right handed, stop thrust at the elbow crease and just above the wrist, top hand being the left hand. Make sure to arch body to avoid knife blade, when placing hands make sure to lean slightly to the right as to get the palms of hands on to the
attackers arms. Keeping your own arms straight, keep a tight grip on wrist and change your top hand position to double up on wrist. Keeping arms straight bring the attackers arm to the side whilst twisting at the wrist and stepping through. When done, you should be behind attacker.

This was practiced a few times on both arms; being on the receiving end was rather painful.

We spoke a little more on knife philosophy and different ways attackers will try to control you prior to attempting the ambush. This is when the
professor introduced us to one potential counter, to buy you enough time if an attacker grabs you on the collar/shoulder with their arm pushed against
your neck…

Assuming they are going to ambush you with the knife in their right hand, place left hand into the arm pit of the attackers firmly, this will potentially save you from the first ambush, at this point retaliate with your own punches (3 if possible) then disengage after the strike. The idea is to stop the first attack and hit them to discourage a follow-up attack and effectively let go.

Ideally you don’t want to be in this position for long and the objective is gaining distance. We practiced this but found this defense tricky.

We spoke about other grabbed positions, which will be explored in more detail as the week progresses. We also spoke more about the philosophy of aggressive
people and changing from a self-defense position to an offensive one with subtle movements via hands and stance shifts.

Professor said at the beginning of the lesson, that he’d rather go up against a gun than a knife, for the fact that guns will run out of ammunition. Knives
potentially don’t and a knife in the hands of a committed, ruthless individual can cause ridiculous levels of damage as the video the professor uploaded demonstrated.

My thoughts, this was an informative addition on last weeks information, still a lot of this needs to be drilled and preferably with training knives! which all
appear to be missing… Now i think more actively about edged weapons and how i would stop the attack.

“Tapping out”